Forests make up a crucial part of our planet’s ecosystems. They offer habitats for animal and plant life, and absorb carbon from the atmosphere, but they are vulnerable to practices commonly found in agriculture and industry. How can your business make an impact in reducing deforestation?
Nearly half of the world’s forests has already been lost, and continuing deforestation accounts for about 11 percent of annual global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by humans. Recent studies show that certain agricultural commodities—such as palm oil, soy, cattle and timber—drive the majority of tropical deforestation around the world.
Walmart is focused on working with suppliers to reduce deforestation through innovative sourcing strategies and the use of technology to increase transparency and supply chain accountability. We also support regional efforts and certifications to reduce forest loss and deliver sustainable commodities, such as our private brand palm oil and beef from Brazil. In our 2025 commitment, we will expand our work to source more commodities produced with zero net deforestation by focusing on additional critical commodities, including all Brazilian soy and private-brand pulp and paper.
How to Join
To join the Deforestation pillar of Project Gigaton, your company should set a goal to source sustainable palm oil, soy, beef or pulp and paper.
For example, you could submit a goal to:
- Commit to achieving zero net deforestation by 2020 by sustainably sourcing commodities.
- Palm Oil: Commit to sourcing Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil NEXT (RSPO NEXT) or equivalent standards in 100 percent of your company’s palm oil supply by 2020.
- Soy: Support the indefinite extension of the Soy Moratorium in Brazil’s Amazon region. Commit to using geospatial transparency tools with your suppliers and operations to ensure that no soy contributes to deforestation in Brazil. Support regional efforts and certifications that promote sustainable production and reforestation efforts.
Beef: Use geospatial transparency tools with your fresh beef suppliers and beef operations to help see that no beef sourced contributes to deforestation in Brazil. Support regional efforts that promote sustainable production and pasture management improvements and reforestation efforts.
- Paper and Pulp: Commit to sourcing certified sustainable paper products and virgin fiber using Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) or The Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) certified material. Prioritize the use of FSC in higher-risk regions. Utilize recycled fiber where feasible by 2020.
The above goals are illustrative examples only and by no means the only goal style that could be submitted as part of Project Gigaton – you’ll need to determine the scope, timeline and type of goal that makes sense for your company and products. After submitting a goal using the button below, you’ll be asked to report on your progress annually so the impact can be recognized and attributed toward the Project Gigaton one gigaton reduction target.
- Practical guidance for setting a deforestation target
Follow these steps to set and implement your deforestation-related efforts.
1. Evaluate your status: When setting a zero net deforestation plan, it is advised that you assess the stage of your current efforts to identify areas for improvement. Using the spectrum below, evaluate your status.
2. Develop your plan: After identifying the maturity of your deforestation-related efforts, develop your plan for improvement.
- What will you report each year?
Each year, you’ll be asked to submit data points to Walmart based on the specific goal you submit. This information will be used to calculate the greenhouse gas impact of the sourcing improvements you’ve achieved. Data points for sustainably sourced soy are currently in development and will be shared later this year. For deforestation goals, you'll be asked to submit:
Sustainably Sourced Palm Oil
- Type of sustainable palm oil sourced (e.g., RSPO, Rainforest Alliance or equivalent)
Sustainably Sourced Beef
Sustainably Sourced Paper and Pulp
- Type of certification (FSC, PEFC or SFI)
- Country of origin
- Amount of recycled fiber content sourced
- How will what you report be converted to greenhouse gases?
We will use methods based on government, industry, and literature values to calculate the estimated GHG emission reductions resulting from your commitment. If your program has unique considerations, please tell us by contacting firstname.lastname@example.org.
The following calculations will be used to estimate the GHG reductions from your efforts. Calculations for sustainably sourced soy are currently in development and will be shared later this year. Emissions factors will be shared later this year.