Forests are crucial to life on earth. They provide wildlife habitat, purify the water we drink and the air we breathe, and absorb carbon from the atmosphere. But they are vulnerable to pressures from expanding agriculture and industry. How can your business make an impact in reducing deforestation?

Nearly half of the world’s forests have already been lost, and continuing deforestation accounts for more than 10 percent of annual global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by humans. Recent studies show that expansion of certain agricultural commodities – such as palm oil, soy, cattle – as well as pulp production for paper products – drive the majority of tropical deforestation around the world.

Walmart invites suppliers to join us in working to reduce deforestation through innovative sourcing strategies and the use of technology to increase transparency and supply chain accountability. We also support regional efforts and certifications to reduce forest loss and deliver sustainable commodities. Walmart has a 2020 commitment to source critical commodities produced with zero net deforestation, including all Brazilian soy and private-brand pulp and paper. We invite our suppliers to join us on this journey.

Resources

How to Join


To join the Deforestation pillar of Project Gigaton, your company should set a goal to sustainably source palm oil, soy, beef or pulp and paper.

For example, you could submit a goal to:

  • Commit to achieving zero net deforestation by 2020 through sustainably sourcing commodities.
  • Palm Oil: Commit to sourcing Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil NEXT (RSPO NEXT) or equivalent standards in 100 percent of your company’s palm oil supply by 2020.
  • Soy: Support the indefinite extension of the Soy Moratorium in Brazil’s Amazon region. Commit to using geospatial transparency tools with your suppliers and operations to ensure that no soy contributes to deforestation in Brazil. Support regional efforts and certifications that promote sustainable production and reforestation efforts.
  • Beef: Use geospatial transparency tools with your fresh beef suppliers and beef operations to help ensure that no beef sourced contributes to deforestation in Brazil. Support regional efforts that promote sustainable production, pasture management improvements, and reforestation efforts.
  • Paper and Pulp: Commit to source paper products using either recycled content and/or virgin fiber that is certified to standards that prohibit deforestation by 2020.

The above goals are illustrative examples only and by no means the only goal style that could be submitted as part of Project Gigaton – you’ll need to determine the scope, timeline and type of goal that makes sense for your company and products. After submitting a goal using the button below, you’ll be asked to report on your progress annually so the impact can be recognized and attributed toward the Project Gigaton one gigaton reduction target.

Practical guidance for setting a deforestation target

Major sources of emissions from deforestation are caused by land use change to allow for agriculture or other industry. Land use change includes deforestation and grasslands conversion, forest degradation, drained peat lands or peat fires, and other activities. Emissions reductions occur when any of these activities are stopped or slowed.

At Walmart, we recognize Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI), and Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) certification programs, with preference for FSC certification in high priority countries. Certification is preferred when it is available in quantities, performance characteristics and prices that meet our suppliers’ needs.

Follow these steps to set and implement your deforestation-related efforts.

1. Evaluate your status: Start by assessing your current efforts to benchmark where you are and identify areas for improvement, using the stepwise approach below.

2. Develop your plan: After identifying the maturity of your deforestation-related efforts, develop your plan for improvement.

What will you report each year and how will it be converted to GHGs?

Each year, you’ll be asked to submit data points to Walmart based on the Project Gigaton pillars you’ve joined (Energy, Waste, Agriculture, etc.). For Deforestation, you’ll be asked to submit the impact of palm oil, beef, or paper and pulp sourcing improvements you’ve achieved in a given calendar year. There are multiple options for submitting data to Project Gigaton reporting depending on the type of impact you’ve achieved. In future reporting years, you will be able to report impacts from sustainably sourced soy to Project Gigaton.

Sustainably Sourced Palm Oil

If you’ve worked to sustainably source palm oil, you'll be asked to submit the following data points for Project Gigaton reporting.
· Mass of sustainable palm oil sourced

Variable
Description
Source
Mass of sustainable palm oil sourced
Metric tonnes/year of certified palm oil (RSPO NEXT or Rainforest Alliance from Malaysia, Indonesia, or Papua New Guinea)
Supplier-reported
GHG conversion factor

Metric tonnes CO2e avoided per metric tonne sustainable palm sourced from Malaysia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea

Conversion factor includes 20 year allocation per IPCC legacy emissions guidelines – this limits potential double counting of the same hectares

Calculated using the RSPO GHG Calculator


Only palm oil sustainably sourced from Malaysia, Indonesia, or Papua New Guinea can be submitted toward Project Gigaton at this time. Once data has been submitted, the estimated greenhouse gas equivalency will be calculated using the formula below:

Emissions reduction each year (tCO2e/year) = Mass of certified sustainable palm oil sourced (metric tonnes/year) X GHG conversion factor

Sustainably Sourced Beef

If you’ve worked to sustainably source beef, you'll be asked to submit the following data points for Project Gigaton reporting.

  • Source country and region
  • Tool (AgroTools or Terras)
  • Carcass weight of beef in metric tonnes

Only beef sourced from Brazil and verified as deforestation-free using AgroTools or Terras can be submitted toward Project Gigaton at this time. Once data has been submitted, the avoided greenhouse gas equivalency will be calculated using the formula below, following the approach outlined by Cederberg et al. 2011:


Variable
Description
Source
Fresh beef mass verified deforestation free from packers in Brazil
Fresh beef mass sourced from packers in Brazil (metric tonnes meat per year) and verified as deforestation free by AgroTools or Terras
Supplier-reported
GHG conversion factor

5 metric tonnes CO2e avoided per metric tonne fresh beef verified as deforestation free (Amazon regional average)

Conversion factor includes 20 year allocation per IPCC legacy emissions guidelines – this limits potential double counting of the same hectares

Calculated using Brazil National Reference Level for REDD UNFCCC

Data from INPE National Institute for Space research


Variable
Description
Source
Fresh beef mass verified deforestation free from packers in Brazil
Fresh beef mass sourced from packers in Brazil (metric tonnes meat per year) and verified as deforestation free by AgroTools or Terras
Supplier-reported
GHG conversion factor
5 metric tonnes CO2e avoided per metric tonne fresh beef verified as deforestation free (Amazon regional average)

Calculated using Brazil National Reference Level for REDD UNFCCC

Data from INPE National Institute for Space research

Includes 20 year allocation per IPCC legacy emissions guidelines


Sustainably Sourced Paper and Pulp

If you’ve worked to sustainably source paper and pulp, you'll be asked to submit the following data points for Project Gigaton reporting.

Certified pulp and paper

  • Source country
  • Certification type (FSC, SFI, PEFC in specific countries)
  • Metric tonnes of certified pulp and paper sourced

Recycled content

  • Metric tonnes of recycled content

Only the use of certified pulp and paper or recycled content can be submitted toward Project Gigaton at this time. To avoid double counting, recycled fiber content associated with the product design (e.g., tissue, paper towel) should be reported through the Deforestation Pillar. Recycled fiber content associated with paper packaging should be reported in the Packaging Pillar.

Once data has been submitted, the avoided greenhouse gas equivalency will be calculated using the formula below:

Variable
Description
Source
Mass of responsible pulpwood sourced

Metric tonnes/year of certified pulpwood sourced for virgin fiber (FSC, SFI, PEFC in specific countries) OR metric tonnes of recycled content

For the purposes of Project Gigaton reporting, only PEFC-certified virgin fiber from the following countries will be recognized: Anguilla, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Portugal, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland or the UK

Supplier-reported
GHG conversion factor

.05 metric tonnes CO2e avoided per metric tonne responsible pulp

This factor is calculated using FAO 2015 data and IPCC guidance as follows: [GHG emissions caused by deforestation associated with pulpwood / total global production of uncertified pulp] / 20 years

Conversion factor includes 20 year allocation per IPCC legacy emissions guidelines – this limits potential double counting of the same hectares

FAO STAT 2015

IPCC guidance on legacy emissions

If you believe you have a deforestation initiative that should be counted toward Project Gigaton, but isn’t covered by the guidance listed above, please tell us about it by contacting corpsu@wal-mart.com.

For additional information about Project Gigaton, refer to the Frequently Asked Questions.


For additional information about Project Gigaton, refer to the Frequently Asked Questions.

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