Agricultural practices have economic and environmental impacts for farmers, ranchers and buyers of their products.

The adoption of best-in-class agricultural practices, including precision agriculture and feed optimization, can help reduce farmer input costs, improve water quality and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions all over the world. For example, with almost 92 million cattle, 71 million swine and millions of acres of farmland in the U.S. alone, there is an important opportunity to scale solutions in agriculture.

By pursuing best practices in areas such as manure management, enteric emissions, feed inputs, and other activities in animal agriculture along with fertilizer optimization in crop production, we estimate there is a potential to reduce 300 million metric tons (MMT) of GHG emissions by 2030; while at the same time reducing waste and improving yield.

Resources

How to Join


To join the Agriculture pillar of Project Gigaton, your company should commit to reduce emissions at the farm level. Examples of areas you could target include: fertilizer optimization in fields or adoption of animal agriculture best practices to reduce enteric and manure emissions, optimize feed production and improve soil health.

For example, you could submit a goal to:

- Kellogg Company: By 2025, support 500,000 farmers, focusing on Climate Smart Agriculture to improve livelihoods. Continue to help agricultural suppliers, millers and farmers to:

  • Adapt and be resilient to climate change.
  • Optimize use of fertilizer inputs.
  • Estimate GHG emissions and measure continuous improvement.
  • Optimize water use and enhance watershed quality.
  • Improve soil health.

- PepsiCo: 2025 Goal - Work to expand Sustainable Farming Initiative (SFI) across approximately seven million acres to increase environmentally responsible agricultural practices, improve crop yields and growers’ livelihoods, and advance respect for workers’ fundamental human rights. The expanded SFI includes action in crops that collectively represent approximately 75 percent of PepsiCo’s current agricultural-based spend.

The above goals are illustrative examples only and by no means the only goal style that could be submitted as part of Project Gigaton – you’ll need to determine the scope, timeline and type of goal that makes sense for your company and products. The best goals are specific, measurable, and time bound. After submitting a goal using the button below, you’ll be asked to report on your progress annually so the impact can be recognized and attributed toward the Project Gigaton reduction target.

Fertilizer


Practical guidance for setting a fertilizer target

Establishing a fertilizer commitment will be unique for each company. Your goal may be to improve nutrient management through benchmarking or to work with a highly trained professional on practical ways to fine tune your application processes. Below are examples of the types of programs and practices - from the most basic to the most advanced - that you can build and implement in your supply chain.

Fertilizer Efficiency programs and practices grouped by expected GHG savings

Low GHG

Medium GHG

High GHG

• Data collection tool that helps benchmark current practices

• Rate recommendation based on model optimizing fertilizer cost and crop yield

• Land-grant university rate recommendation

• Reduced tillage including conservation tillage and no-till

• Non-nitrogen fixing cover crops

• Combination of tools or farmer surveys with sufficient data showing nutrient use efficiency improvement of less than 10%

• Precision agriculture calibrated to optimize yield

• Mid- to late-season application informed by nitrogen-loss monitoring using real-time weather data

• Optical sensors with nutrient use efficiency improvement lower than 20% or unknown

• Nutrient/Soil management based on soil mapping

• High efficiency/sub-surface drip fertigation

• Crop rotation or cover crop with nitrogen fixing crops such as soy, alfalfa, legumes, etc. (can list all)

• Working with an agronomist to evaluate and improve nutrient use efficiency

• Combination of tools, programs, or farmer surveys with sufficient data showing nutrient use efficiency improvement of 10-20%

• Overall rate recommendations optimized using real-time weather data

• Use of a nitrification inhibitor

• Optical sensors showing nutrient use efficiency improvement of more than 20%

• Combination of tools, programs, or farmer surveys with sufficient data showing nutrient use efficiency improvements of more than 20%

What will you report each year and how it will be converted to GHGs?

Each year, you’ll be asked to submit data points to Walmart based on the Project Gigaton pillars you’ve joined (Energy, Waste, Agriculture, etc.). For Fertilizer Optimization, you’ll be asked to submit the impact of improvements you’ve achieved in a given reporting year. There are two options for submitting fertilizer optimization data to Project Gigaton reporting:

Option 1: If your company already reports to the CDP Climate Change Questionnaire each year, this information can be leveraged to report emissions reductions to Project Gigaton. To report to Project Gigaton using your CDP disclosure, you must grant permission for Walmart to use your CDP disclosure during the sign up or reporting process and the following CC3.3b fields must be completed in your CDP disclosure:

  • Activity type
  • Description of activity
  • Estimated annual metric tons CO2e savings
  • Scope

Please use the 2017 CDP Climate Change Reporting Guidance to properly respond to question CC3.3b.

Option 2: For companies that do not report their emissions reductions to the CDP Climate Change Questionnaire each year, or who have implemented projects but are unable to calculate the greenhouse gas impacts, you can still report to Project Gigaton by submitting the following data points and Walmart will calculate the emissions reductions:

  • Number of acres engaged in fertilizer optimization program by:

Location
Crop type
Type of programs and practices used (see Practical Guidance section)

Only acres located in the United States and Canada can be submitted to Option 2 at this time. Similarly, only the following crops will be recognized: barley, beets, carrots, corn, jalapeños, oats, potatoes, rice, soybeans, sugar, tomatoes, or wheat.

There is no need to report every action – similar initiatives can be grouped together and recorded on a programmatic level (e.g. applying the same best practice to multiple fields).

Once data has been submitted, the greenhouse gas equivalency will be calculated using the approach outlined in Walmart’s Project Gigaton Accounting Policy.

Animal Agriculture


Practical guidance for setting an animal agriculture goal

When it comes to setting an animal agriculture goal, there are many approaches to achieve emissions reductions and the solution is dependent on the type of animal. You may find the below templates helpful in setting an animal agriculture goal:

What will you report each year and how will it be converted to GHGs?

Each year, you’ll be asked to submit data points to Walmart based on the Project Gigaton pillars you’ve joined (Energy, Waste, Agriculture, etc.). For Animal Agriculture, you’ll be asked to submit the impact of improvements you’ve achieved in a given reporting year. There are five options for submitting data to Project Gigaton reporting:

Option 1: If your company already reports to the CDP Climate Change Questionnaire each year, this information can be leveraged to report emissions reductions to Project Gigaton. To report to Project Gigaton using your CDP disclosure, you must grant permission for Walmart to use your CDP disclosure during the sign up or reporting process and the following CC3.3b fields must be completed in your CDP disclosure:

  • Activity type
  • Description of activity
  • Estimated annual metric tons CO2e savings
  • Scope

Please use the 2017 CDP Climate Change Reporting Guidance to properly respond to question CC3.3b.

Option 2 - Manure management (dairy cow and pig farms): If your company already uses the National FARM Program Environmental Stewardship Module (FARM ES) or the National Pork Board Pork Production Environmental Footprint Calculator (PPEFC) to calculate emissions avoidance associated with your dairy or pig farms respectively, you will be asked to submit the following data points for Project Gigaton reporting:

  • Estimated annual metric tons CO2e savings, as calculated using the FARM ES or the PPEFC tools

Option 3 - Manure management (beef farms): For companies that do not report their emissions reductions to the CDP Climate Change Questionnaire each year, or who have implemented projects but are unable to calculate the greenhouse gas impacts, you can still report to Project Gigaton by submitting the following data points and Walmart will calculate the emissions reductions:

Number of animals with manure managed by a new system
Percentage of the animals’ manure managed by a new system
Number of months in place (during the reporting year)
Type of manure management system change implemented:
Replaced composting with forced aeration with composting that is in-vessel or static
Replaced composting with forced aeration with composting using natural aeration
Replaced dry lot composting that is in-vessel or static
Replaced dry lot with composting using natural aeration
Replaced liquid/slurry storage without crust with liquid/slurry storage with natural or induced crust
Replaced liquid/slurry storage without crust with composting that is in-vessel or static
Replaced liquid/slurry storage with crust with composting that is in-vessel or static
Replaced liquid/slurry storage without crust with composting using natural aeration
Replaced liquid/slurry storage with crust composting with natural aeration

Only manure management initiatives located in the United States can be submitted to Option 3 at this time.

There is no need to report every action – similar initiatives can be grouped together and recorded on a programmatic level (e.g. applying the same best practice to multiple barns).

Once data has been submitted, the greenhouse gas equivalency will be calculated using the approach outlined in Walmart’s Project Gigaton Accounting Policy.

Option 4 – Grazing and feed (beef farms): For companies that do not report their emissions reductions to the CDP Climate Change Questionnaire each year, or who have implemented projects but are unable to calculate the greenhouse gas impacts, you can still report to Project Gigaton by submitting the following data points and Walmart will calculate the emissions reductions:

Acres enrolled in grazing land optimization program
% of acres with NRCS practices successfully implemented, by practice type:
In managed/prescribed grazing
In riparian buffers
Converting marginal cropland to pasture
Range planting or restoration
Silvopasture
Fertilizer timing
Manure fertilizer

Only grazing and feed initiatives located in the United States can be submitted to Option 4 at this time.

There is no need to report every action – similar initiatives can be grouped together and recorded on a programmatic level (e.g. applying the same best practice to multiple farms).

Once data has been submitted, the greenhouse gas equivalency will be calculated using the approach outlined in Walmart’s Project Gigaton Accounting Policy.

Option 5 - Enteric emissions (beef farms): For companies that do not report their emissions reductions to the CDP Climate Change Questionnaire each year, or who have implemented projects but are unable to calculate the greenhouse gas impacts, you can still report to Project Gigaton by submitting the following data points and Walmart will calculate the emissions reductions:

  • Number of feedlot cattle in an enteric optimization program for the year

There is no need to report every action – similar initiatives can be grouped together and recorded on a programmatic level (e.g. applying the same best practice to multiple barns).

Once data has been submitted, the greenhouse gas equivalency will be calculated using the approach outlined in Walmart’s Project Gigaton Accounting Policy.

For additional information about Project Gigaton, refer to the Frequently Asked Questions or Project Gigaton Accounting Methodology.

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