Forests are crucial to life on earth. They provide wildlife habitat, purify the water we drink and the air we breathe, and absorb carbon from the atmosphere. But they are vulnerable to pressures from expanding agriculture and industry. How can your business make an impact in reducing deforestation?

Nearly half of the world’s forests have already been lost, and continuing deforestation accounts for more than 10 percent of annual global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by humans. Recent studies show that expansion of certain agricultural commodities – such as palm oil, soy, cattle – as well as pulp production for paper products – drive the majority of tropical deforestation around the world.

Walmart invites suppliers to join us in working to reduce deforestation through innovative sourcing strategies and the use of technology to increase transparency and supply chain accountability. We also support regional efforts and certifications to reduce forest loss and deliver sustainable commodities. Walmart has a 2020 commitment to source critical commodities produced with zero net deforestation, including all Brazilian soy and private-brand pulp and paper. We invite our suppliers to join us on this journey.

Resources

How to Join


To join the Deforestation pillar of Project Gigaton, your company should commit to sustainably source palm oil, soy, beef, or pulp and paper.

For example, you could submit a goal to:

  • Commit to achieving zero net deforestation by 2020 through sustainably sourcing commodities.
  • Palm Oil: Commit to sourcing Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil NEXT (RSPO NEXT) or equivalent standards in 100 percent of your company’s palm oil supply by 2020.
  • Soy: Support the indefinite extension of the Soy Moratorium in Brazil’s Amazon region. Commit to using geospatial transparency tools with your suppliers and operations to ensure that no soy contributes to deforestation in Brazil. Support regional efforts and certifications that promote sustainable production and reforestation efforts.
  • Beef: Use geospatial transparency tools with your fresh beef suppliers and beef operations to help ensure that no beef sourced contributes to deforestation in Brazil. Support regional efforts that promote sustainable production, pasture management improvements, and reforestation efforts.
  • Paper and Pulp: Commit to source paper or other pulp-based products using either recycled content and/or virgin fiber that is certified to standards that prohibit deforestation by 2020.

The above goals are illustrative examples only and by no means the only goal style that could be submitted as part of Project Gigaton – you’ll need to determine the scope, timeline and type of goal that makes sense for your company and products. The best goals are specific, measurable, and time bound. After submitting a goal using the button below, you’ll be asked to report on your progress annually so the impact can be recognized and attributed toward the Project Gigaton reduction target.

Practical guidance for setting a deforestation target

Major sources of emissions from deforestation are caused by land use change to allow for agriculture or other industry. Land use change includes deforestation and grasslands conversion, forest degradation, drained peat lands or peat fires, and other activities. Emissions reductions occur when any of these activities are stopped or slowed.

Follow these steps to set and implement your deforestation-related efforts.

1. Evaluate your status: Start by assessing your current efforts to benchmark where you are and identify areas for improvement, using the stepwise approach below.

2. Develop your plan: After identifying the maturity of your deforestation-related efforts, develop your plan for improvement.

What will you report each year and how will it be converted to GHGs?

Each year, you’ll be asked to submit data points to Walmart based on the Project Gigaton pillars you’ve joined (Energy, Waste, Agriculture, etc.). For Deforestation, you’ll be asked to submit the impact of palm oil, beef, or paper and pulp sourcing improvements you’ve achieved in a given reporting year. There are four options for submitting Deforestation data to Project Gigaton reporting:

Option 1: If your company already reports to the CDP Climate Change Questionnaire each year, this information can be leveraged to report emissions reductions to Project Gigaton. To report to Project Gigaton using your CDP disclosure, you must grant permission for Walmart to use your CDP disclosure during the sign up or reporting process and the following CC3.3b fields must be completed in your CDP disclosure:

  • Activity type
  • Description of activity
  • Estimated annual metric tons CO2e savings
  • Scope

Please use the 2017 CDP Climate Change Reporting Guidance to properly respond to question CC3.3b.

Option 2 - Sustainably sourced palm oil: For companies that do not report their emissions reductions to the CDP Climate Change Questionnaire each year, or who have sustainably sourced palm oil but are unable to calculate the greenhouse gas impacts, you can still report to Project Gigaton by submitting the following data points and Walmart will calculate the emissions reductions:

Only palm oil sustainably sourced from Malaysia, Indonesia, or Papua New Guinea can be submitted to Option 2 at this time.

There is no need to report every action – similar initiatives can be grouped together and recorded on a programmatic level (e.g. a certification change across a category can be reported as one line item).

Once data has been submitted, the greenhouse gas equivalency will be calculated using the approach outlined in Walmart’s Project Gigaton Accounting Policy.

Option 3 - Sustainably sourced beef: For companies that do not report their emissions reductions to the CDP Climate Change Questionnaire each year, or who have sustainably sourced beef but are unable to calculate the greenhouse gas impacts, you can still report to Project Gigaton by submitting the following data points and Walmart will calculate the emissions reductions:

  • Short tons of fresh beef
  • Source state/region in Brazil
  • Deforestation-free verification tool used (AgroTools or Terras)

Only beef sourced from Brazil and verified as deforestation-free using AgroTools or Terras can be submitted to Option 3 at this time.

There is no need to report every action – similar initiatives can be grouped together and recorded on a programmatic level (e.g. a certification change across a category can be reported as one line item).

Once data has been submitted, the greenhouse gas equivalency will be calculated using the approach outlined in Walmart’s Project Gigaton Accounting Policy.

Option 4 - Sustainably sourced paper and pulp: For companies that do not report their emissions reductions to the CDP Climate Change Questionnaire each year, or who have sustainably sourced pulp or paper but are unable to calculate the greenhouse gas impacts, you can still report to Project Gigaton by submitting the following data points and Walmart will calculate the emissions reductions:

Certified pulp and paper

  • Source country
  • Certification type (FSC, SFI, PEFC in select countries)
  • Short tons of certified pulp and paper sourced

AND/OR

Recycled content

  • Short tons of recycled content

For certified pulp and paper, only pulp and paper certified as deforestation-free using Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI), and Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) can be submitted to Option 4 at this time. Similarly, only PEFC-certified virgin fiber from the following countries will be recognized: Anguilla, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Portugal, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, or the UK.

To avoid double counting, recycled fiber content associated with the product design (e.g., tissue, paper towel) should be reported through the Deforestation Pillar. Recycled fiber content associated with paper packaging should be reported in the Packaging Pillar.There is no need to report every action – similar initiatives can be grouped together and recorded on a programmatic level (e.g. a certification change across a category can be reported as one line item).

There is no need to report every action – similar initiatives can be grouped together and recorded on a programmatic level (e.g. a certification change across a category can be reported as one line item).

Once data has been submitted, the greenhouse gas equivalency will be calculated using the approach outlined in Walmart’s Project Gigaton Accounting Policy.

Future option - Sustainably sourced soy and timber: In future reporting years, you will be able to report impacts from sustainably sourced soy and timber to Project Gigaton. Methodologies to calculate the greenhouse gas equivalencies are currently in the development and will be shared before the 2018 reporting period.


For additional information about Project Gigaton, refer to the Frequently Asked Questions or Project Gigaton Accounting Methodology.

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