The commitment covers formulated (chemical-based) consumables products sold through Walmart U.S. and Sam’s Club U.S. stores, hereby referred to jointly as "Walmart." It includes the following departments/categories:
Walmart U.S. Accounting departments:
- 2-Health & Beauty Aids
- 4-Household Paper
- 8-Pets & Supplies
- 13-Household Chemicals
- 46-Cosmetics & Skincare
- 79-Infant Consumable Hardlines
Sam's Club U.S. categories:
- 2-Health & Beauty Aids
- 4-Tabletop & Bags
- 8-Pet Supplies
- 13-Laundry & Home Care
- 47-Baby Care
- 94-Paper Goods
The commitment excludes active ingredients that provide therapeutic benefit when present in a product approved by the FDA New Drug Application process.
Approximately 90,000 SKUs and 700 suppliers are covered by the commitment.
Safer Chemicals: Chemical products designed to preserve efficacy of function while reducing toxicity (source: American Chemical Society: https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/greenchemistry/what-is-green-chemistry/principles/gc-principle-of-the-month-4.html) .
Priority Chemical: priority chemicals are substances with certain hazardous properties that can affect human health, and/or the environment. A priority chemical is defined as a chemical that meets the criteria for classification as a carcinogen, mutagen, reproductive toxicant, or is persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic; or any chemical for which there is "scientific evidence of probable serious effects to human health or the environment which give rise to an equivalent level of concern1."
Walmart Priority Chemicals: Walmart U.S. and Sam’s Club U.S. stores have defined authoritative and regulatory lists (see Appendix 1) to identify "Walmart Priority Chemicals" within the scope of this commitment.
Walmart High Priority Chemicals: From among Walmart Priority Chemicals, Walmart U.S. and Sam’s Club U.S. stores have identified a subset of chemicals as a starting point for suppliers. Those high priority chemicals are:
- Toluene (solvent)
- Dibutyl Phthalate (solvent, plasticizer)
- Diethyl Phthalate (solvent and plasticizer)
- Nonylphenol Exthoxylates (NPEs, surfactant), note: there are nine individual CAS numbers for these NPEs
- Formaldehyde (bonding agent)
- Butylparaben (preservative)
- Propylparaben (preservative)
- Triclosan (antimicrobial)- Active ingredients that provide therapeutic benefit when present in a product approved by the FDA New Drug Application process-such as triclosan in toothpaste for treating plaque - are allowed
Chemical footprint: As defined by the Chemical Footprint Project, a chemical footprint is "the total mass of chemicals of high concern (CoHCs) in products sold by a company, used in its manufacturing operations and by its suppliers, and contained in packaging."
Full product formulation: All intentionally added ingredients in a product formulation are identified as well as their related concentrations.
Contaminant of concern: A residual that meets the criteria for classification as a carcinogen, mutagen, reproductive toxicant; or is persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic; or where there is "scientific evidence of probable serious effects to human health or the environment which give rise to an equivalent level of concern." (REACH Title VII, Chapter 1, Article 57). Residuals are “trace amounts of chemicals that are incidental to manufacturing…[and] include: unintended byproducts of chemical reactions that occur in product formulation and chemical synthesis, impurities in an ingredient that may arise from starting materials, incompletely reacted components, and degradation products.” (U.S. EPA Safer Choice Standard)