Nearly half of the world’s forests have already been lost, and continuous deforestation accounts for more than 10 percent of annual global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by humans. Agriculture is a key driver of this deforestation and ecosystem conversion.1
Recent studies show that expansion of certain agricultural commodities — such as cattle, soy, palm oil, wood fiber plantations, and cocoa — drive most tropical deforestation around the world.2 Stopping deforestation while also improving land and resource management practices on these commodities can have significant climate benefits. The adoption of best-in-class certifications and agricultural practices – including precision agriculture and feed optimization – can help reduce input costs, improve water quality, and reduce GHG emissions all over the world.
As part of your Project Gigaton™ efforts to make a difference in this area, you may consider helping reduce emissions at the farm level. You could also join us in protecting and managing standing forests, participating in initiatives to restore critical forests or supporting landscape and jurisdictional approaches in key production regions and report to Project Gigaton™.
For example, you could commit to:
- We will have 10,000 acres engaged in fertilizer optimization practices by 2026.
- We will restore 1,000 square miles of ocean by 2030.
- Palm Oil & Paper: Source 100% certified sustainable palm oil (RSPO Segregated, Identity Preserved, NEXT, or equivalent standards) and/or pulp/paper/timber (FSC, SFI, or PEFC) in your company's supply chain by 2030.
The above goals are illustrative examples only. You’ll need to determine the desired impact, scope, and timeline that makes sense for your company and products. After joining Project Gigaton™, you’ll be asked to report on your progress annually so the impact can be recognized and attributed toward the Project Gigaton™ target.
- Practical guidance for setting a nature target.As you consider your goal, make sure to check out the Project Gigaton™ Calculators, which may help you identify potential goal areas in each pillar and estimate the emissions impact of your work.
Tips to Get Started
Walmart developed its Basic, Better, Best framework to help suppliers engage in—and continuously improve on—regenerative practices. Our framework is informed by a robust consultation process where we work with several prominent environmental non-profit organizations to identify, assess, and rank supplier activities that support positive nature outcomes for 13 priority commodities. The Basic, Better, Best framework is intended to help suppliers adopt a step-change approach towards adopting more robust, transparent, and traceable practices, with the goal of encouraging holistic place-based and jurisdictional projects that deliver environmental, economic, and social outcomes across entire landscapes.
Walmart’s Basic, Better, Best framework recognizes three tiers of supplier performance on nature:
Basic – source commodities using recognized certification programs and improvement projects, or using equivalent practices linked to positive outcomes for nature.
Better – source commodities using leading certification programs with additional nature practices, more robust traceability and/or social and economic indicators, or where certifications are unavailable, are produced using equivalent practices linked to positive outcomes for nature.
Best – source commodities and/or support jurisdictional or place-based approaches that more sustainably manage, restore and/or protect nature aligned to landscape/seascape needs, and linked to positive environmental, social and economic impacts.
The below table summarizes the certifications and practices recognized under Walmart’s FY22 Basic, Better, Best framework:
Commodities Basic Better Best Forests Coffee / Cocoa Fair Trade USA Rainforest Alliance – Coffee, Rainforest Alliance - Cocoa Credible Place-based, Jurisdictional Approach + Investments in Restoration, Conservation Palm Oil Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) – mass balanced, Rainforest Alliance, International Sustainability & Carbon Certification (ISCC), Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) RSPO - Segregated, RSPO - Identity Preserved Pulp / Paper Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC), Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI) Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Agriculture Cotton Organic (USDA Organic or Equivalent, Global Organic Textile Standard, Organic Content Standard), Fair Trade USA Cotton, Cotton USA, Better Cotton Initiative (BCI)3 Soy Cefetra Responsible Soy*, Proterra Standard* Roundtable on Responsible Soy (RTRS) Beef, Corn/Maize, Wheat, & Rice 1+ nature positive practices linked to 2+ nature positive outcomes 2+ nature positive practices linked to 4+ nature positive outcomes Produce Integrated Pest Management (IPM) certifications: Bee Better Certified, LEAF Marque, Equitable Food Initiative Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Certifications: Rainforest Alliance, Sustainability Standard, U.S. Department of Agriculture Organic or Equivalent, OR basic IPM certification with 1+ practice linked to 2+ nature positive outcomes Oceans Wild-Caught Tuna/Shrimp/Salmon GSSI-recognized certifications, Participation in Fishery Improvement Project (FIP) with definitive, ambitious goals, measurable metrics, and timebound milestones Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) Farmed Shrimp/Salmon Global G.A.P., Participation in aquaculture improvement project (AIP) with definitive, ambition goals, measurable metrics, and timebound milestones Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC), Best Aquaculture Practices Certification (BAP)
- Are your goals SMART?Are your goal(s) SMART — Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant & Time limited? Watch this video to learn how to set formal, specific goals that lead to substantially better returns. In addition to being SMART, also consider whether your goals are ambitious enough to address the environmental challenges that we are facing globally.
- How to calculate and report emissions saved.Each year, you’ll be asked to submit data points to Walmart based on the Project Gigaton™ pillars you’ve joined (Energy, Waste, etc.). For every pillar you report to, you’ll be asked to submit the impact of improvements you’ve achieved in the reporting year. There are three options for submitting data to Project Gigaton™ reporting:
Option 1: For companies that need help calculating the greenhouse gas impact of their initiatives, let the Project Gigaton™ Calculators help! These calculators are available to help you report your progress during the annual Project Gigaton™ reporting period. They may also help you identify and estimate the emissions impact of future Project Gigaton™ goals.
Option 2: If your company already reports to the CDP Climate Change Questionnaire each year, your disclosure can be leveraged to report emissions reductions to Project Gigaton™. To report to Project Gigaton™ using your CDP disclosure, you must grant permission through your company’s Project Gigaton™ account for Walmart to use your CDP data and all CC4.3b fields must be completed in your CDP disclosure. If you haven’t received a request to disclose from CDP but would like to volunteer to do so, or have questions about disclosure, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Option 3: For companies that do not use the Project Gigaton™ Calculators or report their emissions reductions to the CDP Climate Change Questionnaire each year, you can still report your already calculated aggregate greenhouse gas emissions reductions to Project Gigaton™.
For additional questions about Project Gigaton™, refer to our FAQs.
Need a deep dive into calculating emissions? Check out our Project Gigaton™ Accounting Methodology.
3 Walmart is a member of The Better Cotton Initiative (BCI). Better Cotton is sourced via a system of Mass Balance and is not physically traceable to end products (see bettercotton.org/massbalance for details). BCI is the leading certification related to nature positive outcomes in the Basic category.