As population increases globally, our food and other resource systems face greater stress to meet the growing demand, driving degradation and fragmentation of our ecosystems.1 We’ve learned that in addition to our 2016 goal to more sustainably source at least 20 key commodities by 2025 and our Project Gigaton™ program, more work is needed to address nature loss.
In response to the growing climate crisis and to help combat the cascading loss of nature: Walmart and the Walmart Foundation have committed to helping protect, restore, or more sustainably manage at least 50 million acres of land and one million square miles of ocean by 2030.
How We Will Get There
We plan to achieve our aspiration by working with suppliers to advance product sourcing and certifications that drive positive impacts for nature. By aligning these actions to landscape/seascape needs and local stakeholder goals, we aim to help create positive environmental, social, and economic impacts.
- Get Involved1. Set a S.M.A.R.T. Goal for Nature.
2. Report through the Nature Pillar of the Project Gigaton™ platform.
3. Make continuous improvement through our Basic, Better, Best Framework (described below).
To achieve our 2030 nature goal, Walmart recognizes that both business and supplier engagement, as well as philanthropic investment, is needed. Where systemic challenges exist, Walmart.org may invest philanthropically in activities to accelerate change, such as: capacity building for place-based projects and advancing science, technology, and tools to measure progress on regeneration.
Walmart suppliers are encouraged to adopt nature-friendly policies and certifications, participate in established place-based projects, and develop more sustainably-sourced product and ingredient lines. Suppliers can share their progress toward these objectives by annually reporting through the Nature Pillar of the Project Gigaton™ platform.
Walmart has developed a Basic, Better, Best framework to help suppliers engage in—and continuously improve on—regenerative practices. Our framework is informed by a robust consultation process where we worked with several prominent environmental non-profit organizations to identify, assess, and rank supplier activities that support positive nature outcomes for 13 priority commodities. The Basic, Better, Best framework is intended to help suppliers adopt a step-change approach towards adopting more robust, transparent, and traceable practices, with the goal of encouraging holistic place-based and jurisdictional projects that deliver environmental, economic, and social outcomes across entire landscapes.
Walmart’s Basic, Better, Best framework recognizes three tiers of supplier performance on nature:
Basic – source commodities using recognized certification programs and improvement projects, or using equivalent practices linked to positive outcomes for nature.
Better – source commodities using leading certification programs with additional nature practices, more robust traceability and/or social and economic indicators, or where certifications are unavailable, are produced using equivalent practices linked to positive outcomes for nature.
Best – source commodities and/or support jurisdictional or place-based approaches that more sustainably manage, restore and/or protect nature aligned to landscape/seascape needs, and linked to positive environmental, social and economic impacts.
The below table summarizes the certifications and practices recognized under Walmart’s FY22 Basic, Better, Best framework:
Commodities Basic Better Best Forests Coffee / Cocoa Fair Trade USA Rainforest Alliance – Coffee, Rainforest Alliance - Cocoa Credible Place-based, Jurisdictional Approach + Investments in Restoration, Conservation Palm Oil Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) – mass balanced, Rainforest Alliance, International Sustainability & Carbon Certification (ISCC), Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) RSPO - Segregated, RSPO - Identity Preserved Pulp / Paper Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC), Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI) Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Agriculture Cotton Organic (USDA Organic or Equivalent, Global Organic Textile Standard, Organic Content Standard), Fair Trade USA Cotton, Cotton USA, Better Cotton Initiative (BCI)2 Soy Cefetra Responsible Soy*, Proterra Standard* Roundtable on Responsible Soy (RTRS) Beef, Corn/Maize, Wheat, & Rice 1+ nature positive practices linked to 2+ nature positive outcomes 2+ nature positive practices linked to 4+ nature positive outcomes Produce Integrated Pest Management (IPM) certifications: Bee Better Certified, LEAF Marque, Equitable Food Initiative Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Certifications: Rainforest Alliance, Sustainability Standard, U.S. Department of Agriculture Organic or Equivalent, OR basic IPM certification with 1+ practice linked to 2+ nature positive outcomes Oceans Wild-Caught Tuna/Shrimp/Salmon GSSI-recognized certifications, Participation in Fishery Improvement Project (FIP) with definitive, ambitious goals, measurable metrics, and timebound milestones Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) Farmed Shrimp/Salmon Global G.A.P., Participation in aquaculture improvement project (AIP) with definitive, ambition goals, measurable metrics, and timebound milestones Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC), Best Aquaculture Practices Certification (BAP)
To learn more about how Walmart measures progress, please reference the Gigaton Accounting Methodology.
Praise for Our 2020 Nature Commitment
"The choices we make today will fundamentally determine our long-term resilience to the biodiversity and climate crises, which is why we must rapidly scale up the protection and restoration of nature in the next few years. Walmart’s investments in our lands and oceans are a significant milestone for these efforts – and a testament to the fact that investing in nature benefits both businesses and local communities. Conservation International is proud to have partnered with Walmart on the science behind this commitment, and we look forward to turning today’s announcement into real impacts for people and the planet.” — Dr. M. Sanjayan, CEO of Conservation International
“The world is experiencing an historic loss of biodiversity that undermines economic opportunity, food and water security, and community resilience. We need to value nature appropriately and immediately, so we can stop degradation and restore biodiversity, upon which we all rely. Walmart and the Walmart Foundation’s new goals are a demonstration of leadership that can help galvanize important action in the private sector.” — Jennifer Morris, CEO, The Nature Conservancy
2 Walmart is a member of The Better Cotton Initiative (BCI). Better Cotton is sourced via a system of Mass Balance and is not physically traceable to end products (see bettercotton.org/massbalance for details). BCI is the leading certification related to nature positive outcomes in the Basic category.